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Indian Institute of Technology Madras
- PublicationY2O3 electrodeposited TiO2 nanotube arrays as photoanode for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting(01-01-2023)Y2O3 deposited TiO2 nanotubes (Y-TNTs) are investigated as photoanodes for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting. Y2O3 is electrodeposited on TiO2 nanotubes for 5–15 min. The physicochemical and optical properties of Y-TNTs reveal that Y2O3 anchored on the TNTs enhances the visible light absorption. The Y-TNTs show good photocurrent response compared to pristine TNTs. Y2O3 deposition for 10 min on TNTs produces highest photocurrent of 609 μA cm−2 at 1.23 VRHE. Presence of Y2O3 increases the lifetime of the charge carriers as revealed by the Nyquist plot analysis and Mott-Schottky analysis. Y-TNTs-10 min sample shows 2.75 times higher photoconversion efficiency compared to pristine TNTs. Computational analysis shows that Y–TiO2 has negative free energy of adsorption for OER intermediates as compared to bare TiO2 which has positive values. The rare earth metal electrodeposition on TiO2 nanotubes is another approach to improve the photoelectrochemical water splitting activity without distorting the nanotube structure.