Precoder design for asymmetric multi-user two-way AF relaying in cellular systems

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Two-way relaying reduces the loss in spectral efficiency caused in a conventional half-duplex relay due to two channel uses per data unit transmitted to the destination. Two-way relaying is possible when two nodes exchange data simultaneously through a relay. In the case of cellular systems, data exchange between base station (BS) and users (UE) is usually not symmetric, e.g., a user (UE1) might have uplink data to transmit during multiple access (MAC) phase, but might not have downlink data to receive during broadcast (BC) phase. This asymmetry in data exchange will reduce the gains of two-way relaying. In the case of infrastructure relays, where there are multiple users communicating through a relay, we propose that the BC phase following the MAC phase of UE 1 be used by the relay to transmit downlink data to a second user (UE2). Conventional two-way relaying with symmetric MAC and BC phases must now be modified to asymmetric MAC (BS → RS ← UE1) and BC phases (BS ← RS → UE2), respectively. This will result in UE2 not being able to cancel the back-propagating interference in the usual way. We design precoders using conventional zero-forcing and linear minimum-mean-square-error criteria to mitigate the back-propagating interference at UE2 for an amplify-and-forward (AF) relay. We also propose a novel precoder appropriate for the asymmetric two-way relaying. The sum-rate performance of the proposed precoder is shown to be better than the conventional precoders. © 2013 IEEE.
Amplify-and-forward, asymmetric relaying, precoder-design, sum-rate, two-way relaying